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Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)
by Amber Hodgson, M.A., CCC-SLP and Julie A. Daymut, M.A., CCC-SLP
Activities of daily living (ADLs) are everyday activities and functions that we do in order to lead independent, healthy lives. Other terms for ADLs are “self-care skills” or “life skills.” Basic ADLs include getting dressed, brushing teeth, making the bed, using the toilet, bathing, and eating. More complex ADLs include doing housework, making meals, shopping, driving, taking medication, planning social time, managing time, and managing money. Some individuals struggle with performing ADLs. Reasons they may find these skills challenging or difficult include deficits with language, attention, or sequencing skills, or there may be issues with their behavioral needs, levels of motivation, or sensory systems.
Occupational Therapy for ADLs
Occupational therapists (OTs) are licensed and trained professionals who can assist individuals with gaining or improving their ADLs. The goal of occupational therapy is to help improve the connection or coordination between a person’s brain and body. To help children or adults with ADLs, OTs use different strategies to help them practice the skills that will help enhance their daily lives and overall functioning. These therapy methods for day-to-day tasks include rehearsal (or practice) of skills, adaptive equipment (tools like button hooks or Velcro®), and compensatory (or helping/coping) strategies. OTs ensure that the individuals are able to accomplish ADLs in a safe manner in different settings within the home, school, and community.
 
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