by Becky L. Spivey, M.Ed.
With the lightning-speed advancement of computer technology in
the last decade, today’s children can manipulate the keys of a computer
keyboard and use programs on a hard drive with as much skill and
finesse as some adults. When we use a word processor on a computer
to write essays, reports, research papers, or letters, the processor
can highlight misspellings, correct grammar and sentence
structure, predict the word we are trying to write, or
sometimes choose a better word! It even provides us with
synonyms, antonyms, and word origin. Why, then, should
we continue to teach the antiquated skill of using a paperfilled
dictionary to help us read and write, when most of the
information we need is readily available within seconds at
the click of a mouse? There is one huge reason...
Basic dictionary skills transfer to the use of other reference books
that students will use in the future to conduct research or find information.
Dictionaries are the first reference books we learn to use. Learning to use the
dictionary also teaches us the basics for using a thesaurus, encyclopedias, periodicals,
phone books, recipe books, and more. Once students understand the layout of a
dictionary, they will be able to find information in other reference books and feel
comfortable doing so. The dictionary organizes words alphabetically and groups them
together using guide words. If your child is proficient with the alphabet, he/she will be
able to understand how to use the dictionary competently and eventually transfer those
dictionary skills when using other resource books in later grades.
Using a paper dictionary helps students acquire a broader vocabulary, teaches
correct spelling and spelling patterns, and fosters reading comprehension. Looking up
just one word in a dictionary inadvertently exposes a student to many other words,
meanings, uses, and other information. This is not the case with most electronic
dictionaries where only one word or a list of words (possibly not in the same context)
may appear to the user.
Teaching the Basics of Dictionary Skills to Your Children
Practice dictionary skills at home with a picture, beginner, elementary, or children’s
dictionary. A collegiate dictionary is too overwhelming for elementary students! Before
you begin practicing at home, teach your child that all dictionaries:
- Have words entered in alphabetical order. Each word is an entry—the entry
lists the word in syllables (illustrated with dots or spacing), its pronunciation or
phonetic spelling (the spelling of how to pronounce the word when spoken), its
part of speech (noun, verb, adjective, etc.), and its definition(s). Most dictionaries
provide example sentences for each part of speech the word represents in its
context: cook - The cook (noun) works in the kitchen. Mother can cook (verb) well.
The basketball team knows how to cook (slang - verb)!
- Have one or two guide words at the top of every page. The guide words help
users find words in a dictionary quickly. The guide words are an alphabetical
“tag,” meaning the word being searched for falls alphabetically between the
two guide words (or may be one of the guide words). Some dictionaries have
one guide word on the left page and one on the right page. The left page guide
word is always the first entry word on that page, and the right page guide word
is always the last entry word on the right page. Some larger dictionaries have a
pair of guide words on every page. The user flips through the dictionary pages for
the first letter of the entry word and searches for the pair of guide words that the
entry word will appear between alphabetically. For example, the word “greed”
would appear on the page with the guide words great–green.