by Staci Jackson, M.A., CCC-SLP
The last day of school is a time of great excitement when children trade their
textbooks, tests, and projects for lazy summer days. It is often a
relief for both parents and children to “put school away”
for the summer. Unfortunately, many children who don’t
engage in learning activities into the summer find they
have forgotten things or fall behind their peers once the
new school year begins. Summer learning loss or “the
summer slide” is the phenomenon that occurs when
children forget academic material after taking long
breaks from school. Research regarding summer learning loss suggests that:
- On average, students lose about two months of grade level equivalency in math and reading.
- Teachers spend the first four to six weeks of the new school year re-teaching material from the previous year.
- Summer learning loss has a greater impact on low-income students, contributing substantially to the achievement gap in reading between them and their higherincome peers.
- Summer learning loss is cumulative; over time it can create a gap of two and up to five years by the time students reach high school.
So, what can you do to prevent the “summer slide”? Parents don’t need to spend lots of
money buying specialized programs. Instead, consider these simple ideas to keep your
child engaged in learning activities during the summer months.
- Encourage your child to read 20 minutes every day. Public libraries are great
resources for summer reading lists by age/grade level, and they often offer reading
- Read to your child to build listening skills, engage the imagination, and increase
- Unplug from technology and give your child time to read and escape the heat of
- Keep books in the car for your child. Listen to audiobooks on long trips.
- Encourage math skills by creating number books of things you collect or do during
- Practice estimation skills by guessing how far and how long a road trip will be.
Have children compute arrival times and miles covered.
- Provide math workbooks with activities to complete on road trips or during quiet
- Encourage your child to keep a reading log and calculate the minutes read each
- Cook with your child. Have your child follow simple recipes to learn fractions and
practice measurement skills.
- Encourage your child to practice writing skills by writing letters to relatives,
sending postcards from camp, keeping a summer journal, writing a book, or
authoring an online blog.
For more structured summer learning opportunities, check with your child’s school or
PTA, your local library, Boys and Girls Clubs of America, or the YMCA.